發信人: Morbert.bbs@ptt.cc () 看板: AtmosSci
標 題: [新聞] 地球暖化 50年內環境難民達2億
發信站: 批踢踢實業 (10/21/06 14:20:59 Sat)

地球暖化 50年內環境難民達2億

Climate change will create millions more refugees

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Severe water shortages caused by climate change could create millions
more environmental refugees, a new Tearfund report highlights.

Calls to limit air travel and a proposed climate change bill to cut UK
carbon dioxide emissions has kept climate change in the headlines.

Tearfund’s Feeling the heat report says there are currently some 25
million refugees who have been forced to move as a result of environ-
mental problems.

http://tinyurl.com/yj6e8g
Image: One in six people in the world don’t have access to clean water.

With increasing climate change leading to desertification, altering
rain patterns and floods and storms, millions more will be forced people
to leave their homes in search of water.

The report cites examples of people who are already on the move because
of water-related problems. Many Mexicans are leaving their homeland
and risking death by illegally fleeing to the USA because of poor crop
yields. Farmers in Nigeria are being forced to move to cities as the
desert advances at 1,350 square miles a year.

But Feeling the heat also gives examples of how communities, with the
help of Tearfund partners, are learning to cope with unreliable water
supplies. These initiatives need more support and an approach to water
management that takes into account all of the different uses and
pressures on water.


Tearfund’s response

The report says urgent action is needed to tackle the cause of climate
change and to help people deal with the effects on water resources.
Tearfund is asking governments to agree to the following at the UN
climate change conference in Nairobi in November:

。 produce a timetable for agreeing the next phase of the Kyoto
Protocol, and focus on setting tougher targets

。 provide urgent funding to help poor countries adapt to climate
change

。 make management of water resources an urgent priority within
efforts to adapt to climate change

Tearfund and several of our partner organisations will be at the
conference to lobby on behalf of poor communities.


Get involved at the 4 November event

Ahead of the conference in Nairobi on 4 November, Tearfund supporters
and thousands of others will be gathering in Trafalgar square at the
I count rally to press for stronger action on climate change.

The rally will be highlighting the need for more urgent political,
as well as the need for individual action on climate change.

There's a chance to pray for governments and for those facing the
impact of climate change at a service before the rally, at 12:30 at
St Martin's in the Fields, led by Tearfund UK President the Bishop
of Liverpool and worship leader Andy Flannagan.

http://tinyurl.com/ybzpds
Image: Climate change hits the poorest hardest. Severe drought has
pushed nomadic communities in Niger, West Africa, closer to the edge
of survival. Tearfund partner Jemed helped teenager Hadija (pictured)
resettle in their traditional pastureland, but climate change threatens
to destroy their way of life.

Tearfund’s Andy Atkins says, ‘One of the most devastating impacts of
climate change is on the water supply. In some parts of the world,
floods, storms and poor rainfall are beginning to have catastrophic
effects, threatening the lives and livelihoods of millions of people.’

There are huge numbers of environmental refugees and the situation
is predicted to get worse; there is no better time to get involved
in Tearfund’s campaign on climate change.


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地球暖化 50年內環境難民達2億

來源:聯合新聞網

英國慈善機構「眼淚基金」20日發表報告指出,地球暖化造成的氣候
變遷之害日益嚴重,乾旱與缺水愈來愈可怕,50年內全球至少將出現
二億離鄉井背尋水求生的「環境難民」。

基督教「眼淚基金」 (Tearfund)的報告叫作「暖化逼人」(Feeling
the Heat),內文提出氣候變遷帶來的黯淡遠景,呼籲11月6日在肯亞
首都奈洛比揭幕的「聯合國氣候變遷會議」正視,與會國家的政府應
該研擬一套因應這個嚴重問題的全球架構。

地球暖化的症候包括旱季延長,缺水日增,以及洪水、暴風雨日益嚴
重、海平面上升。其中,海平面上升將會危及地勢較低的孟加拉等國
家,和一些太平洋島嶼。以2050年前海平面上升50公分而論,全球將
有10萬公里海岸線消失。

最嚴重的還是缺水。目前全球集體遷徒求水的「環境難民」已有2500
萬人,約為政治難民之半。今後50年內,環境難民將增加到二億。就
在今天,已有無數人悄悄搬家覓水,有些國家的「尋水潮」早已開始
有年。現在已經看得到的「環境難民潮」包括:

中國大陸:戈壁沙漠以每年將近一萬平方公里的速率擴增,好幾省人
民被迫離開家園。

巴西東北地區,五分之一人民遷徙逃避乾旱。

墨西哥不少地帶乾旱不宜種作,愈來愈多人冒死非法前往美國。

奈及利亞每年有2700平方公里土地變沙漠,農民和蓄牧民眾落難,前
往城市求生。

澳洲東北部由八個島嶼構成的吐瓦魯,由於海平面上升,全國一萬人
口已有三千人移民。


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慈善機構報告:全球氣候變遷帶來環境難民

新聞來源:法新社倫敦二十日電

英國慈善機構「眼淚基金會」一份報告指出,長期水源不足造成氣候變遷,可
能會迫使數千萬民眾成為「環境難民」。

眼淚基金會在名為「感受酷熱」的這份報告說,環境因素已迫使兩千五百萬名
民眾遷移,預測未來五十年內,被迫離開家園者將會增至兩億人。

報告中又說,目前全球約有百分之二的人口飽受嚴重乾旱之苦,這項數字未來
五十年將增至百分之十。

報告說,由於每年有一千三百五十平方英里農地淪為沙漠,許多奈及利亞農人
被迫遷往都市謀生。同樣的情形也發生在中國,戈壁沙漠範圍每年擴大四千平
方英里,民眾不得不棄守家園。

眼淚基金會的資料顯示,雖然富國允諾一年捐贈兩億四千英鎊予以協助,但實
際交出的金額少之又少。

目前,非政府組織希望十一月在肯亞首都奈洛比舉行的聯合國氣候變遷會議採
取緊急行動,它呼籲下個階段的京都議定書必須排定時間表並提供經費,幫助
窮國處理這項議題。

眼淚基金會倡議主任艾特金斯說:「氣候變遷最嚴重的影響之一是水的供應。」



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來源:Tearfunk.org, uk
http://tinyurl.com/yecpjp

udn NEWS
http://tw.news.yahoo.com/article/url/d/a/061021/2/5jhe.html

法新社
http://tw.news.yahoo.com/article/url/d/a/061021/19/5j99.html


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